Europe

The Nature of Democratic Backsliding in Europe

This article is part of the Reshaping European Democracy project, an initiative of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program and Carnegie Europe. In Europe, as in...
PM Theresa May and European Commission - EUROPA European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker

Four Brexit Scenarios

An eleventh-hour deal on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU might be hammered out by the end of the year. But the risks are...
EU China Summit

Trump Provides China an Opening in Europe

While Donald Trump and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin were busy gathering for a high-profile summit in Helsinki on Monday, a far less publicized...
Arctic Ice

Russian Strategy and Interests in the Arctic: Cooperation or Conflict?

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates that the Arctic could hold as much as 90 billion barrels of crude oil, or 13 percent of the...
Chancellor Angel Merkel

For Germany and Europe, a Weakened Merkel Power is Less Evil

In October 1980, Margaret Thatcher, then British Prime Minister, claimed “the lady’s not for turning” during a defining speech to her party conference in...

Yugoslavia with Nukes How the Breakup of the USSR Never Ended

Vladimir Putin and the Russian Federation have featured heavily in the American news media for a variety of reasons – whether this be the...
Turkey EU flags

European Union Enlargement Challenges After the Lisbon Treaty: Case of Turkey

The European Union (EU) is a supranational organization that transforms its institutional structure according to its needs. Historically, enlargement policy is the best known...
Populism in Europe

Beyond the Far Right? Centre Right Party Electoral Success on the Immigration issue: The...

The 2008 economic crisis hit a number of European Union (EU) countries by storm, with widespread patterns of electoral volatility and anti-incumbency effects for...
President Erdogan and Putin

To Make Sense of the Commonalities and Differences Between Today’s Turkey and Russia

To make sense of the commonalities and differences between Turkey and Russia, it is crucial to understand the importance of economic events as well...